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Cabeza Prieta Natural History Association
Sonoran Desert Plants
Ephedra trifurca (Canutillo,tepopote,long-leaved joint-fir)

Coffee Pot Mountain


 Ephedra trifurca

 Ephedra trifurca

 Ephedra trifurca

 Ephedra trifurca

 Ephedra trifurca

Habitat: sand dunes
Life Form: shrub,medium
Leaf Description: whorled simple leaves
Flower Color: yellow
Flowering Period: Feb. to Mar.
Spines: spineless
Family: Ephedraceae (ephedra family)
Abundance: locally common
Additional Information:
Felger, R.S., S. Rutman, J. Malusa, and T.R. Van Devender. 2013. Ajo Peak to Tinajas Altas: Flora of Southwestern Arizona: Part 3. Ferns, lycopods, and gymnosperms. Phytoneuron 2013-37, 1-46 page 42 (4.0 MB pdf)

Photo Credits:
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Our member horticultural expert is Hank Jorgensen. For more information on this plant species, see Hank's page (opens in a new tab).






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Natural History of the Sonoran Desert and Refuge